Step-by-Step: Terminal Services Client Configuration
Updated: December 30, 2001


Note: This article assumes that you have read and already setup the Terminal Services Server.  If you have not done this yet, please take a look at this article:  Terminal Services Server Configuration.

We'll cover the standard Terminal Services Client program here.

On your Terminal Services Server, there is an icon labeled "Terminal Services Client Creator" which creates disks that are used to install the Terminal Services Client program on the computer you plan to use to remote administer the server.  You must install this client program on each computer you plan on using to remote administer the server.

Double click on the "Terminal Services Client Creator" icon.  You will see the following screen.  You must choose which version of windows (16-bit or 32-bit) the client disks should support.  As a gross simplification, windows 3.1 is 16-bit while windows 95 and later are 32-bit.  The 16 bit version of the Terminal Services Client requires 4 disks while the 32 bit version of TS Client requires only 2 disks.

Choose which version of the client you require and follow the directions.  After you are done making the Terminal Services Client disks, you can now install the TS Client on any computer you will use to remotely administer your server.

Note 1: The client computer that you use to remote administer your server can be on the external WAN or the internal LAN.  If you are using a LAN computer to access Terminal Services on your server, then you do not need to do anything with your router.  However, if you are planning on accessing Terminal Services from a computer across the Internet, you will need to forward port 3389 to your server.  This is very important since Terminal Services listens on port 3389.

Note 2: By default, Terminal Services Server and Client talk to each other over port 3389.  You can change this port number through a registry hack.  However, if you decide to change the port number, you must make the described changes on the server and client side (the changes are different for the server and client).  Here is the how to do it:  How to Change Terminal Server's Port

Let's install the Terminal Services Client on a computer that you will use to remote administer your server.

On a different computer (not your server), insert the first TS Client floppy disk into your disk drive.

My Computer -> 3.5 Floppy Drive (A:) -> Double Click on "Setup.exe". 

Click on "Continue" at this screen:

Click on "I Agree" at the License agreement:

Here you can choose the directory that the Terminal Services Client will be installed into.  Once you choose, click on the icon to begin installation.

You are prompted to choose whether the Terminal Services will be installed for just the current user or for everybody who uses this workstation.  This is your choice.  If you work at a computer that many people have to log in separately, then it would be best to only install it on your account.  If you're the only one who uses the computer, then the choice doesn't really matter.

Disk 1 installing..

Now it asks for Disk 2

Disk 2 installing..

Terminal Services Client Setup was completed successfully.  Click "OK"

Now under your Start -> Programs, you'll have "Terminal Services Client"

Double Click on "Client Connection Manager".  This menu allows you to create new connections to Terminal Services Servers.

Click on the left most icon to configure a connection to the server.  You'll see this Wizard.  Click "Next".

Under "Connection name" type in a descriptive name such as "Server" or "Home Web Server".
Under "Server name or IP address", type in the IP address of the Terminal Services Server.  If you're on a LAN, you can use the local IP numbers such as "192.168.1.xxx".  However, if you are on the WAN or Internet, you must type in your WAN IP address since LAN IP numbers are not accessible from the WAN.

Since I'm so creative, I've named my server simply "Server" and my local LAN IP address for the server is 192.168.1.20.  Fill in your own information, I'm just giving an example.  Click on "Next".

Here you have the option for the TS Client to remember your password and log on automatically.  I strongly suggest that you do not enable this function.  Do you want people to log onto your server without your permission?  I don't think so.  Click "Next".

Here you choose the size of the screen that the client will run in.  Note that depending on how fast your DSL/Cable line is, the larger the screen, the slower the connection between your client and server.  You can experiment with these settings until you get them to your liking.  I personally like 800x600 in full screen mode.  Once you make your choices, click "Next".

Here you can choose to enable data compression or cache bitmaps.  No matter what your DSL/Cable connection speed is, both options are a good idea.

This next window allows you to automatically start a program when you use your Terminal Services connection.  I left my setup blank.  Click "Next"

Here you get to choose which icon and program group your client connection goes into.  Default is fine.  Click "Next".

This screen tells you you're done.  Click "Finish".

Now when you go back to your "Client Connection Manager", you'll see the icon for your connection.  All you have to do to connect to the Terminal Services Server is double click on the icon.  To make your life easier, you can make a shortcut to your connection and put it on your desktop.

If you ever want to change the settings of the connection you just configured, all you have to do is right click on the icon and select "Properties".

You'll see 3 tabs that allow you to control all the settings we just configured.

 


 

Let's go back to the "Terminal Services Client" program group and double click on the "Terminal Services Client" icon.  This is another way to connect to your Terminal Services Server.  This client browses your network and looks for Terminal Services Servers.  Depending on your setup, you may or may not be able to connect through this method.  The "Client Connection Manager" is the better way to go.

Once you connect to you server through Terminal Services, you have full control over the server.  However, the desktop you see is not exactly the one that is open on the server itself.  The Terminal Services logs in separately, so technically, it is a different session.  However, everything you do in the Terminal Services session will be executed on the server.

Once you are done working with terminal services, how do you get out?

Go to "Start -> Shut Down".  You'll see four options.
Log off  This shuts down all applications and terminates your Terminal Services session.
Shut down This physically shuts down the computer and does not give you a way to restart the computer.  Be careful.
Restart This physically restarts the computer and in the process breaks your Terminal Services connection.  However, you will be able to reconnect once the server reboots.
Disconnect This is like logging off, but leaves your applications and open so you can reconnect and pick up work where you left off.

For most purposes, "Log off" and "Disconnect" will be your best choices.  I personally like "Disconnect".

Next step: Terminal Services Advanced Client Configuration (Web Client)
 



Terminal Services Server Configuration

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