|Updated: April 28, 2001
For Windows 2000 Advanced
Server/Server - Adding new virtual servers (DSLwebserver.com)
In this section, we'll go
through how to run a website with several domains on one IP number. The
more typical way of setting up a website is to have one IP number for one
domain name. However, if you are doing this from home, getting an additional
IP numbers can be expensive. My ISP charges $8 a month for each additional
IP number. That's where IP-less (also known as "virtual" hosting) comes
Question style kicking in:
does it work?
Basically, the webserver
will get the domain that is typed in from the user and send the appropriate
request to the proper site. For example, this webserver runs about 10 sites
on 1 IP number. When the server gets a web request with "www.dslwebserver.com/etc/...."
it looks at the root "www.dslwebserver.com" and directs it to the proper
site. This feature may not be compatible with all web browsers, but works
fine with all current versions of IE and Netscape.
webserver support this?
Various version of Linux
and Windows NT/2000 Server flavors. Sorry, this feature is not available
in Personal Web Server (PWS) or Windows 2000 Professional. Those operating
systems can only host 1 website/1 domain name.
if you just type in the IP number in your web browser, which website will
You'll get the default message,
but you can set it up to go to which ever website you'd like. I personally
like to leave it at the "You are not authorized to view this page" front
page. That way I can keep all my websites separate.
Let's first get to the Internet
Services Manager where we can control the setup of our webserver.
Start -> Settings -> Control
Panel -> Administrative Tools -> Internet Services Manager
My server computer is cleverly
named "Server" which is why all the screen shots have "*server" on them.
If you call your server "doofus", then you'll see "*doofus".
To add a new website, we
first right click on your server name -> New -> Web Site
Now we have the handy wizards
to help us out.
Enter a description of your
Website, just for your own personal use. Click "Next"
Here you will get to choose
the IP number that your website is supposed to respond to. If you had several
IP numbers that each went to a particular website, you would use the drop
down list to assign a particular IP to a particular domain name. Since
most of us will have only have 1 IP, you can leave the box as "All Unassigned"
which means that all requests to that server will be answered by this website
that you are currently configuring. For the most part, "All Unassigned"
works fine, however, there are certain instances where this will cause
problems. Therefore, I recommend that you always pick and IP address
and NOT choose "All Unassigned".
Here I choose the IP number
of my server which is "192.168.1.20". This however is NOT the IP number
of my DSL line. This is the IP number of the server on my internal network
know as the Local Area Network (LAN). The Wide Area Network (WAN) includes
the whole internet. Why do I have it setup this way? The reason is
that my server and several other computers don't actually connect directly
to the Internet, but instead connect to a router which is connected to
the Internet. Using a router, several computers can share one DSL connection
and one IP number. The router is setup to send all web requests to my server
computer which I have setup as 192.168.1.20. "192.168.1.xxx" may look familiar
to you because it is one of the range of IP numbers that are official LAN
network IP numbers. If your computer is directly connected to your DSL/Cable
line, then you would select your DSL/Cable IP number.
Next choose the port number
the website should use. Almost all web requests use port 80 and unless
you have a very specific reason for changing the port number, leave it
Here is the host header
box. This box connects the proper website to the proper domain name. In
my case, it's "www.dslwebserver.com"
Click "Next" to move to the
This screen assigns which
directory on your hard drive the website is supposed to reside in. This
can be any directory you want. The default directory is "c:\Inetpub\wwwroot"
but you can set this to any directory or even a different hard drive.
If you have multiple websites on this server, then you should probably
create a different directory for each site. In my example, I created
a new directory named "dslwebserver".
The check box allows you
to choose to have anonymous access to your website which is what most of
us want, so we leave it checked here.
Here are the permission you
give visitors to your site. Here the permissions include every part of
your website. But if you only want certain parts to have certain permissions,
you can choose to do that later. For example, if you have CGI scripts on
your server, you can set it up so only the CGI directory has the "Execute"
permission needed to run CGI scripts.
Click "Next" and we are done
setting up the web service part.
So far, your webserver will
respond to: www.yourdomain.com. Now I need to add it so people can leave
off the "www" and still access the the website.
In Internet Information Services
select the name of the domain. Right click on the domain name, then select
Click on "Advanced" in the
Click "Add" then enter the
IP number of your computer (LAN side) the port number 80 and then the domain
name without the "www". It should look like this when you're done.
Now you can access your webserver
from "www.yourdomain.com" and "yourdomain.com".